Our Health Library information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Please be advised that this information is made available to assist our patients to learn more about their health. Our providers may not see and/or treat all topics found herein.

Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is another term for gum disease. Long-term infection of the gums, bone, and other tissues that surround and support the teeth causes periodontal disease.

  • Healthy gums are pink, firm, and do not bleed easily.
  • Gingivitis is periodontal disease in its mild, early stage. Symptoms of gingivitis are red, swollen gums that bleed easily when brushed. Because pain is not usually a symptom of gingivitis, treatment may not be prompt.
  • Periodontitis is periodontal disease in its later, more serious stage. Symptoms of periodontitis are gums pulling away from the teeth, leaving deep pockets where bacteria can hide and cause further damage. Periodontitis can progress until it damages the bones that support the teeth. Teeth may become loose and fall out or need removal (extraction).

Early treatment of gum disease may prevent more severe disease, which is harder to treat. Brushing and flossing regularly help prevent periodontal disease.

News & Events

View All

Exercising to Improve Symptoms of Endometriosis

We all know that exercise is one of the most beneficial ways to relieve stress, even though we sometimes don’t