Stress Incontinence Treatment in Birmingham, Alabama
Stress incontinence is a form of urinary incontinence that makes it hard to stop the flow of urine when pressure is placed on the bladder. This issue can cause sufferers to feel embarrassed, limit social activity, and it may also affect a person’s romantic life.
The board-certified gynecologists at Birmingham Obstetrics & Gynecology provide comprehensive treatments for stress incontinence. Learn about your treatment options for stress incontinence and call (205) 933-8334 to schedule your incontinence consultation today.
Common Symptoms of Stress Incontinence
Most patients with stress incontinence tend to lose bladder control during physical activity. In some cases, however, bladder leakage can occur from pressure applied to the bladder while in a sitting or standing position. Most commonly, leakage occurs when:
- Exercising or doing heavy lifting. This can include walking, running, jumping, etc.
- Laughing. Laughing can cause muscles to contract and for a person’s weight to shift, which may put pressure on the bladder.
- Sneezing. The sudden and forceful body movements caused by sneezing may cause a person with stress incontinence to leak urine.
- Sexual Intercourse. Engaging in sexual intercourse can cause pressure against the abdomen.
Causes of Stress Incontinence
Women are twice as likely as men to suffer from stress incontinence. Stress incontinence occurs when the muscles that support the bladder and control the release of urine begin to weaken. Women are twice as likely to suffer from stress incontinence than men. In most cases, this is because of childbirth. During some births, muscle and tissue damage can occur to the pelvic floor.
Testing for Stress Incontinence
For most cases of stress incontinence, the issue is fairly easy to diagnose and may not require any tests. But, some tests may be taken to pinpoint the cause of incontinence if mixed symptoms are experienced. These tests include:
- Urine Volume Test. After urinating, the doctor will determine the amount of leftover urine in the bladder.
- Bladder Pressure Test. The doctor will slowly fill the bladder with warm water and use a pressure sensor to measure changes in the patient’s bladder pressure.
- Bladder Examination. A cystoscope, a small device that can provide images to the doctor, will be inserted into the bladder so that the physician can examine the bladder and urethra.
Your Treatment Options for Stress Incontinence
The first steps to treating stress urinary incontinence are often behavior therapies such as pelvic floor muscle exercises, dietary adjustments, lifestyle changes, and bladder training. There aren’t currently any approved medications to treat stress incontinence.
- Pessary. A ring is placed on each side of the urethra that helps support the bladder.
- Urethral Inserts. A disposable device is worn at various times throughout the day to act as a barrier against leakage. It is mostly recommended for what a patient is going to be performing physical activity.
Surgery intervention to treat stress incontinence is typically the last resort when behavior therapies and devices don’t provide adequate relief from symptoms. The goal of the surgery will be to provide the bladder and urethral muscles with adequate support.
Schedule Your Appointment at Birmingham Obstetrics & Gynecology
The board certified OB/GYNs at Birmingham Obstetrics & Gynecology provide comprehensive testing and treatment for stress urinary incontinence. Call our women’s health clinic in Birmingham at (205) 933-8334 to schedule your appointment today!