Our Health Library information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Please be advised that this information is made available to assist our patients to learn more about their health. Our providers may not see and/or treat all topics found herein.

Postmenopause

The postmenopausal phase of a woman's life begins at menopause, which is 1 year after her last menstrual period. While postmenopause usually begins around age 50, some women become postmenopausal in their mid-40s, and others do so in their later 50s.

In early postmenopause, a woman's estrogen stabilizes at a low level. Although low estrogen helps reduce the risk of various types of cancer, it also leads to bone thinning, which sometimes results in osteoporosis. A variety of hormonal and nonhormonal treatments are available for postmenopausal women who have menopausal symptoms.

Menopause can begin early and suddenly after removal of the ovaries or after cancer treatment that damages the ovaries.

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Travel Warnings and Tips for Pregnant Women

If you decide to vacation, visit old friends, or must travel for work, pregnancy shouldn’t stop you from flying or